NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations, is a NASA program for studying human survival in the Aquarius underwater laboratory in preparation for future space exploration.Aquarius, an underwater habitat located near Key Largo, Florida, is owned by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and operated by the National Undersea Research Center (NURC) at the University of North Carolina–Wilmington as a marine biology study base. with research conducted by astronauts and other NASA employees.The crew members are called aquanauts instead of "divers".
An Aquanaut is any individual who remains underwater, exposed to the ambient pressure, long enough to come into equilibrium with his or her breathing media. Usually this is done in an underwater habitat on the seafloor for a period equal to or greater than 24 continuous hours without returning to the surface.
An Aquanaut is any individual who remains underwater, exposed to the ambient pressure, long enough to come into equilibrium with his or her breathing media. Usually this is done in an underwater habitat on the seafloor for a period equal to or greater than 24 continuous hours without returning to the surface.The first human aquanaut was Robert Sténuit, who lived on board a tiny one-man cylinder at 200 feet for 24 hours in September 1962 off Villefranche-sur-Mer on the French Riviera. Military aquanauts include Robert Sheats, Shorty Lyons, Mike Meisky, Robert Croft, Billie L. Coffman, George Dowling, Bill Tolbert, and Wally Jenkins, author Robin Cook, and astronauts Scott Carpenter and Alan Shepard. Civilian aquanaut Berry L. Cannon died of carbon dioxide poisoning during the U.S. Navy's SEALAB III project.
On May 24, 2010 the NEE MO 14 aquanaut crew returned to the surface, completing a 14-day underwater mission to gather research that will benefit future missions into space.Aquarius, located in an environment like the abyssal planes encountered on a Martian or lunar surface, is an undersea laboratory used during the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO). For two weeks, it was home to astronauts Chris Hadfield and Thomas Marshburn, undersea engineer Andrew Abercromby, and scientist Steve Chappell. The base, located several miles off the coast of Key Largo, Fla., is owned by the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration (NOAA) and managed by the University of North Carolina. The goal of the mission was to experience and overcome challenges in an environment that parallels the microgravity environments experienced in space.
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